This publication provides statutory guidance and non-statutory advice from the Standards and Testing Agency (STA), an executive agency of the Department for Education, which is responsible for ensuring early years foundation stage (EYFS) profile outcomes are reliable as a result of moderation. Where the EYFS (Early Years Foundation Stage) is divided into 7 areas of learning and development. This consists of Communication & Language, Physical Development, Personal, Social & Emotional Development, Understanding the world, Literacy, Mathematics and expressive arts & design." Click here to download a full version of EYFS Handbook"


Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measure.

Communication and Language

Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a range of situations.

Physical Development

Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the importance of physical activity6, and to make healthy choices in relation to food.

Personal Social & Emotional Development

Personal, social and emotional development helps children to develop a positive sense and respect for themselves, and for others. It enables children to learn social skills and a positive attitude to learning.


Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.

Expressive Arts & Design

Expressive arts and design involve enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.

Understanding the World

Understanding of the World involves supporting children's development as they try to make sense of the world around them. We offer opportunities for children to use a range of tools safely, encounter creatures, people, plants, objects and undertake practical 'experiments', working with a range of materials.

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